The story

Ephemerides


Ephemerides (in Latin, "daily memorial") is a chronological succession of dates and their respective events.

Check below the historical ephemerides we have registered. Periodically we will publish new facts.

Soon more months.


January 1st

"World Day of Peace and Universal Brotherhood".

753 a.Ç. - Romulus founds the city of Rome (Italy).
898 - Die Eudes, king of the Franks.
1431 - Pope Alexander VI is born.
1438 - Albert II of Habsburg becomes king of Hungary.
1484 - Born Ulrico Zingglio, leader of the Swiss reform.
1515 - King Louis XII of France dies.
1559 - Following the death of Christ II, Frederick II learned of the throne of Norway and Denmark.
1622 - The Papacy adopts January 1 as the beginning of the new year instead of March 25.
1651 - Charles II is crowned king of Scotland.
1688 - Salvador Correia de Sá and Benevides dies, restorer of Angola and governor of the captaincies of southern Angola.
1695 - The Bank of England, considered the first banking institution in the world, goes into operation.
1763 - Brazil is elevated to viceroyalty. The capital is transferred from Salvador to Rio de Janeiro.
1788 - The first edition of the English newspaper The Times appears on newsstands.
1801 - The Union Act establishing the union of Great Britain with Ireland and the emergence of the United Kingdom enters into force.
- Discovery of Asteroid 1 Ceres by astronomer Giuseppe Piazzi.
1804 - Independence of Haiti.
1833 - Britain proclaims sovereignty over the Falkland Islands.
1849 - The first postage stamp begins to circulate in England.
1863 - US President Abraham Lincoln signs the proclamation of the emancipation of slaves.
- Baron Pierre de Coubertin, founder of the IOC and promoter of the modern era Olympic Games, is born.
1865 - The Ponta Delgada weather observatory opens.
1880 - Begins construction of the Panama Canal.
1890 - Italians begin colonization of Eritrea.
- It is used for the first time in a match in the city of Bolton, England, nets in each of the goals.
1899 - Cuba becomes independent.
1901 - The Community of Australia is established.
1905 - The Russians surrender at Port Arthur - Russo-Japanese War.
1927 - Establishment of a nationalist government in Hankow, China.
1935 - Mustafa Kemal, President of Turkey, takes the name of Kemal Ataturk.
1938 - Getúlio Vargas starts the Brazilian New State.
1946 - Months after the end of World War II, 20 Japanese soldiers surrender on the island of Corregidor in the Philippines. They lived hidden in a tunnel and only knew that the war was over when they went out to fetch water and found a newspaper.
1948 - Enrico De Nicola is elected president of Italy.
1951 - North Korean and Chinese troops cross US lines in parallel 38.
1956 - Independence of Sudan.
1958 - The European Economic Community (EEC) and Atomic (EURATOM) are founded.
1959 - Cuba Freedom Day. Fidel Castro takes power.
1960 - Independence of Cameroon.
1965 - Soviet Prime Minister Alexander Kossyguin says the USSR will carry out a peace and relaxation policy in 1965.
1969 - Marien Ngouabi takes over the Presidency of the Republic of Congo.
1971 - Tobacco advertising is abolished in the United States. American TV prohibits all cigarette advertising, which represented $ 20 million in business transactions.
1973 - Great Britain, Ireland and Denmark join the EEC.
1979 - United States of America and the People's Republic of China establish diplomatic relations.
- UN Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim announces the beginning of the "International Year of the Child". Many musicians donate to the "Music for UNICEF" fund.
1981 - Greece joins the EEC (European Economic Community).
1983 - The Internet is created in the USA.
1984 - Independence of Brunei.
- Portugal and Spain join the EEC (European Economic Community).
1985 - The first British phone call via Mobile made by Ernie Wise to Vodafone.
1986 - Aruba separates from the Netherlands Antilles.
1993 - Czechoslovakia split up into the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
- The Single Market enters into force in the European Community.
1994 - The European Economic Area and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) enter into force.
- Armed revolt of the Zapatista National Liberation Army against the Mexican government.
1995 - Fernando Henrique Cardoso takes office as president of Brazil. After winning the first round elections with 54% of the votes.
- Austria, Finland and Sweden enter the European Union.
- In exile, Mohamed Siad Barre, former Somali president, dies.
- Born Eugene Paul Wigner, Nobel Prize winner in Physics in 1963.
1996 - Italy takes over the presidency of the European Union.
- King Fahd of Saudi Arabia abdicates in favor of Crown Prince Abdullah.
1997 - New UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan takes office.
1998 - Smoking is prohibited in all bars and restaurants in California (USA).
1999 - The single currency of the European Union, the euro, is established.
- Fernando Henrique Cardoso takes office for his second term as president of Brazil.
2000 - Grozni, capital of Chechnya, suffers one of the worst attacks by Russian federal troops.
- Proclamation of the Republic of Taiwan.
2002 - The European Union's single currency, the euro, has entered into physical circulation with greater success and acceptance than expected, thus accelerating European construction.
2003 - Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva takes office as President of Brazil.
2005 - Turkey adopts a new currency, the new Turkish lira, which is worth 1,000,000 of the old lira.
2006 - The 100th British soldier in Iraq dies after a bomb explodes.
2007 - Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva begins his second term as president of Brazil.
- Romania and Bulgaria join the European Community.

2008 - Anti-smoking law comes into force in the state of São Paulo.
2009 - The new orthographic reform, orthographic standardization between the Portuguese-speaking countries: Brazil, Portugal, Cape Verde, Sao Tome and Principe, Angola, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau and Timor-Leste enters into force.