It began in about 10,000 BC and lasted until about 5,000 BC In the Neolithic Period, humans learned to tame animals and to practice agriculture, that is, to grow food.
Moreover, during this period, they came to master the technique of polishing the stone for the manufacture of instruments. Therefore, this period is also known as the Polished Stone Age.
These transformations changed the way of life of these human groups. They no longer had to move constantly to find food and they became sedentary, that is, they stayed in one place for a long time waiting to harvest the vegetables they had planted. While they waited, they devoted themselves to other activities such as building houses, working with clay and clay, making baskets and fabrics, as well as tools.