The story

History of Mankind - 20th Century (AD)


20th century (AD)

Compulsory vaccination generates disturbances in Rio de Janeiro
(Brazil)


1904

1905

Einstein announces the theory of relativity (science)

Santos Dumont flies with
14 bis (technology)

1906

1907

Auguste Lumière Invents Color Photography (Technology)
Picasso and Braque invent cubism (fine arts)

Marinetti publishes the Futuristic Manifesto (literature)

1909

1910

Mexican Revolution
(conflict)
Chibata Uprising breaks out
in Rio (Brazil)

Ford develops production line in its factories (technology)

1913

1914

World War I begins in Europe
(war)

Griffith Films The Birth of a Nation, first feature film with modern features (culture)

1915

1917

The Russian Revolution Begins (Politics)
Workers strike for São Paulo (Brazil)

End of World War I, with the defeat of Germany and its allies (war)

1918

1919

Signature of Treaty of Versailles (politics) League of Nations Foundation (politics)

Mussolini comes to power in Italy (politics)
Holding of the Modern Art Week in São Paulo (Brazil)

1922

1924

Sao Paulo suffers aerial bombardment during the 1924 lieutenant revolt (conflict)
Prestes Column begins (conflict)

Hirohito becomes emperor of Japan (politics)

1926

1927

Lindenberg Makes First Atlantic Air Crossing (Technology)
Getúlio Vargas is elected president of Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil)

Stalin assumes power in the Soviet Union (politics)

1928

1929

Breaking of the
New York

Revolution of 1930 marks the beginning of Vargas Era
(Brazil)

1930

1932

Franklin Roosevelt Becomes US President (Politics)
Beginning of the Chaco War between Paraguay and Bolivia (war)
Salazar becomes president of the Council in Portugal (politics)
Constitutionalist Uprising in São Paulo (Brazil, conflict)

New deal starts in the US (politics)
Hitler becomes 1st German Minister (politics)

1933

1936

Spanish Civil War (war)
Roosevelt Reelected (Politics)
First television broadcast in England (technology)

Japanese occupy Beijing, Shanghai and Nanjing (war)
Picasso paints Guernica
(visual arts)
New State Facility (Brazil)

1937

1939

Hitler invades Poland: World War II begins (war)

Paris is occupied by the Germans (war)

1940

1941

Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor precipitates US entry into war (war)

Brazil enters World War II (war)

1942

1944

Allied Landing in Normandy (D-Day)

Roosevelt's death puts Truman in the (political) presidency
End of war in Europe on May 8 (war)
US blows atomic bombs in Japan
(war)
Capitulation of Japan on August 15 (war)
Vargas resigns as president (politician)

1945

1946

Péron is elected in Argentina (politics)

US launches Marshall Plan (politics)
Independence of India and Pakistan (politics)

1947

1948

Creation of the State of Israel (politics)

Soviets blow up their first atomic bomb (technology)
China becomes communist (politics)
Simone de Beauvoir launches The Second Sex (philosophy)
North Atlantic Treaty signed
(NATO) (politics)

1949