The story

Fico's Day


The expression Fico's Day It is due to a famous phrase by Dom Pedro, then Prince Regent of Brazil, who was at the time a United Kingdom to Portugal and the Algarves.

On January 9, 1822, D. Pedro I received a letter from the court of Lisbon, demanding his return to Portugal. The Portuguese have long insisted on this idea because they intended to recolonize Brazil and the presence of D. Pedro prevented this ideal.

However, D. Pedro responded negatively to calls from Portugal and proclaimed: "If it is for the good of all and the general happiness of the nation, I am ready! Tell the people that I stay."

But to understand it better, it is necessary to know the context in which it was spoken. In 1807, in order to expand his power over the European continent, Napoleon Bonaparte planned an invasion of the kingdom of Portugal, and to escape the French, the Portuguese royal family moved to Brazil, which became the center of the Portuguese empire.


Dom Pedro I of Brazil and IV of Portugal

The arrival of the royal family had great significance for the development of the country, which until then was one of the Portuguese colonies. The establishment of the court in Rio de Janeiro had numerous political and economic consequences, including the elevation of the country to the rank of United Kingdom in 1815. Brazil was no longer a colony.

However, five years later, with the twists and turns of European politics and the end of the Napoleonic era, a revolution exploded in Portugal. The political elites of Lisbon adopted a new constitution, and King Dom João VI, afraid of losing his throne, returned from Rio to Lisbon, leaving his son, Dom Pedro, as prince regent.

The Lisbon courts, however, did not approve the measures taken by Dom Pedro to administer the country. They wanted to recolonize Brazil and began to pressure the prince to return to Lisbon as well, leaving the government of the country handed over to a submissive junta to the Portuguese.

The reaction of Brazilian politicians was to give the regent a list of approximately 8,000 signatures requesting his stay in Brazil. Dom Pedro's reply was the famous phrase quoted above. It marks the Prince Regent's adhesion to Brazil and to the Brazilian cause, which will culminate in our Independence in September of that year. Fico Day, thus, is one of the milestones of Brazil's political liberation process from Portugal.