The story

Chronology of the Military Dictatorship


The following is a chronology of the military regime in Brazil and its developments.

1961
25/08 Resignation of Janio Quadros
30/08 Military ministers declare John Goulart's inauguration
02/09 Parliamentary system of government established as a result of agreement that would allow the inauguration of Vice-President João Goulart
09/09 Possession of João Goulart

1962
02/02 Official creation of the Institute of Social Research (Ipês), which would conspire against the Goulart government.

1963
01/24 Return to the presidential system of government, after a referendum held on the 6th, which did not endorse parliamentarism.
07/08 Milton Campos project on land reform is rejected.
08/23 CGT rally on the anniversary of Getúlio Vargas' death with Goulart present. Gifts require definition from the president during his speech. Goulart promises that reforms will be implemented.
12/09 Revolt of Air Force and Navy Sergeants in Brasilia.
07/10 Goulart withdraws the request for a decree of state of siege due to the wide opposition it has generated.
17/10 Rejected PTB amendment on land reform in the House of Representatives.
November: Cane cutters strike in Pernambuco and part of Paraíba.

1964
01/17 Regulation of the Remittance Law.
03/13 Central Brazil rally or “of the reforms”.
March 19 Family march, with God, for Freedom in São Paulo (SP), kind of response to the central rally.
03/20 The army chief of staff, General Castelo Branco, publishes a reserved circular among his subordinates against João Goulart.
21-29/03 9 Family marches with God for Freedom in various cities of São Paulo.
31/03 The military movement begins in Minas Gerais with the displacement of troops commanded by General Mourão Filho.
01/04 to 08/06 42 “Marches” of the Family, with God, for Freedom in São Paulo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, Piaui, Paraná and Goiás.
04/04 João Goulart travels from Brasilia to Porto Alegre. From there, I would leave Brazil.
04/02 General Costa e Silva calls himself Commander in Chief of the National Army and organizes the "Supreme Command of the Revolution".
04/04 The name of General Castelo Branco is indicated to the Presidency of the republic by the coup leaders.
04/04 Institutional Act decree granting the President of the Republic powers to revoke elective terms and suspend political rights until June 15, 1964, among other discretionary powers.
10/04 UNE headquarters is set on fire by participants in the military political movement.
13/04 The Official Gazette publishes a decree terminating the term of office of all members of the Board of Directors of the University of Brasilia
There is a police invasion and intervention at UnB.


April GPMI - Permanent Industrial Mobilization Group - was the first in a series of instruments designed to adapt the military power of the Armed Forces to the new doctrine of security.

13/06 Created the National Investigative Service (SNI).
27/10 Declared the extinction of the National Students Union (UNE).
09/11 Sanctioned Law no. 4,464 (Suplicy Law) prohibiting student political activities. Lacerda's Suplicy Law makes UNE and the UEEs illegally illegal. All instances of student representation are subject to the MEC.

1965
Institutional Act No. 2 extinguishes existing parties, assigns to the Military Justice the trial of civilians accused of crimes against national security and gives the President of the Republic powers to revoke elective terms and suspend political rights until March 15, 1967, among other provisions. .
Start: UNE convenes a council to elect, with a term of office, the president who will lead it until the 27th Congress in July. Alberto Abissâmara, of progressive tendencies, is chosen.
02/05 Institutional Act No. 3 establishes indirect election for governors.
01/04 On the 1st, the University Council, chaired by the rector Pedro Calmon, dissolves the board of CACO - UFRJ Academic Center of Law.
12/04 On the 12th, Dops agents and the Military Police violently prevent a meeting of CACO - UFRJ Academic Center of Law. Classes are suspended.
August: The Free Academic Directories appear.
23/09 Demonstrations are made against the Suplicy Law in Rio de Janeiro.
03/10 General Costa e Silva is elected president of the republic by the National Congress.
10/20 General Castelo Branco decrees the National Congress recess until November 22 due to the non-acceptance of cassations.