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Review: Volume 34

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Abstract

Informal urbanism, from informal settlements to economies and street markets, is integral to cities of the global South - economically, socially, environmentally and aesthetically. This paper seeks to unfold and re-think this informal/formal conception using two interconnected theoretical frameworks. First is assemblage theory derived from the work of Deleuze and Guattari, in which a series of twofold concepts such as rhizomic/tree and smooth/striated resonate with the informal/formal construct. Second is theory on complex adaptive systems, in which dynamic and unpredictable patterns of self-organisation emerge with certain levels of resilience or vulnerability. These approaches are drawn together into the concept of a complex adaptive assemblage, illustrated with brief snapshots of urban informality drawn from Southeast Asian cities. The challenge is to develop multi-disciplinary, multi-scalar methodologies to explore the ways in which informality is linked to squatting, corruption and poverty on the one hand, and to growth, productivity and creativity on the other.

ALEXANDER, C. (1996), 'A City Is Not a Tree', in R. LeGates, and F. Stout (eds), The City Reader , London, Routledge, 118-31 (originally published 1965). The City Reader 118 31

BASER, H. and MORGAN, P. (2008), Capacity, Change and Performance , Maastricht, European Centre for Development Policy Management. Capacity, Change and Performance

BATESON, G. (2000), Steps to an Ecology of Mind , Chicago, University of Chicago Press, (originally published 1972). Steps to an Ecology of Mind

BAYAT, A. (1997), Street Politics , New York, Columbia University Press. Street Politics

BENJAMIN, W. and LACIS, A. (1978), 'Naples', in W. Benjamin, Reflections , New York, Harcourt, Brace and Jovanovich, 163-73. Reflections 163 73

BRAND, S. (2009), Whole Earth Discipline , London, Atlantic. Whole Earth Discipline

BRUGMANN, J. (2009), Welcome to the Urban Revolution , London, Bloomsbury. Welcome to the Urban Revolution

DELANDA, M. (2006), A New Philosophy of Society , New York, Continuum. A New Philosophy of Society

DAVIS, M. (2006), Planet of Slums , London, Verso. Planet of Slums

DELEUZE, G. and GUATTARI, F. (1987), A Thousand Plateaus , London, Athlone. A Thousand Plateaus

DOVEY, K. (2010), Becoming Places , London, Routledge. Becoming Places

DOVEY, K. and KING, R. (2011), 'Forms of Informality', Built Environment , 37, 11-29. 'Forms of Informality' Built Environment 37 11 29

FARIAS, I. and BENDER, T. (eds) (2010), Urban Assemblages: How Actor-Network Theory Changes Urban Studies , London, Routledge. Urban Assemblages: How Actor-Network Theory Changes Urban Studies

GUNDERSON, L. and HOLLING, C. (eds) (2002), Panarchy: Understanding Transformations in Human and Natural Systems , Washington, DC, Island Press. Panarchy: Understanding Transformations in Human and Natural Systems

HABERMAS, J. (1984), Theory of Communicative Action , Boston, Beacon Press. Theory of Communicative Action

HARVEY, D. (1982), The Limits to Capital , oxford, Blackwell The Limits to Capital

HUCHZERMEYER, M. and KARAM, A. (eds) (2006), Informal Settlements , Cape Town, UCT Press. Informal Settlements

JACOBS, J. (1961), The Death and Life of Great American Cities , Harmondsworth, Penguin. The Death and Life of Great American Cities

LATOUR, B. (2006), Reassembling the Social , Oxford, Oxford University Press. Reassembling the Social

LEFEBVRE, H. (1991), The Production of Space , Oxford, Blackwell. The Production of Space

LEVIN, S. (1999), Fragile Dominion , Cambridge, MA, Perseus. Fragile Dominion

MCFARLANE, C. (2011), 'The City as Assemblage: dwelling and urban space', Environment and Planning D: Society and Space , 29, 649-71. 'The City as Assemblage: dwelling and urban space' Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 29 649 71

MARX C. (2009), 'Conceptualising the potential of informal land markets to reduce urban poverty', International Development Planning Review , 31, 335-53. 'Conceptualising the potential of informal land markets to reduce urban poverty' International Development Planning Review 31 335 53

NEUWIRTH, R. (2006), Shadow Cities , New York, Routledge. Shadow Cities

PERLMAN, J. (1976), The Myth of Marginality , Berkeley, CA, University of California Press. The Myth of Marginality

RIHANI, S. (2002), Complex Systems Theory and Development Practice: Understanding Non-linear Realities , London, Zed Books. Complex Systems Theory and Development Practice: Understanding Non-linear Realities

ROY, A. (2009), 'Civic Governmentality', Antipode , 41, 159-79. 'Civic Governmentality' Antipode 41 159 79

ROY, A. and ALSAYYAD, N. (eds) (2004), Urban Informality , New York, Lexington. Urban Informality

SHATKIN, G. (2004), ‘Planning To Forget’ Urban Studies , 41, 2469-84. 'Planning To Forget' Urban Studies 41 2469 84

SOLIMAN, A. (2010), 'Rethinking urban informality and the planning process in Egypt', International Development Planning Review , 32, 119-43. 'Rethinking urban informality and the planning process in Egypt' International Development Planning Review 32 119 43

SWANSON, D. and BHADWAL, S. (eds) (2009), Creating Adaptive Policies , New Delhi, Sage. Creating Adaptive Policies

TURNER, J. (1976), Housing by People , London, Marion Boyars. Housing by People

UN-HABITAT (2006), The State of the World's Cities , London, Earthscan. The State of the World's Cities

WALKER, B. and SALT, D. (2006), Resilience Thinking , Washington, DC, Island Press. Resilience Thinking

WISE, J. (2005), 'Assemblage', in C. Stivale (ed.), Gilles Deleuze: Key Concepts , Chesham, Acumen, 77-87. Gilles Deleuze: Key Concepts 77 87

ALEXANDER, C. (1996), 'A City Is Not a Tree', in R. LeGates, and F. Stout (eds), The City Reader , London, Routledge, 118-31 (originally published 1965). The City Reader 118 31

BASER, H. and MORGAN, P. (2008), Capacity, Change and Performance , Maastricht, European Centre for Development Policy Management. Capacity, Change and Performance

BATESON, G. (2000), Steps to an Ecology of Mind , Chicago, University of Chicago Press, (originally published 1972). Steps to an Ecology of Mind

BAYAT, A. (1997), Street Politics , New York, Columbia University Press. Street Politics

BENJAMIN, W. and LACIS, A. (1978), 'Naples', in W. Benjamin, Reflections , New York, Harcourt, Brace and Jovanovich, 163-73. Reflections 163 73

BRAND, S. (2009), Whole Earth Discipline , London, Atlantic. Whole Earth Discipline

BRUGMANN, J. (2009), Welcome to the Urban Revolution , London, Bloomsbury. Welcome to the Urban Revolution

DELANDA, M. (2006), A New Philosophy of Society , New York, Continuum. A New Philosophy of Society

DAVIS, M. (2006), Planet of Slums , London, Verso. Planet of Slums

DELEUZE, G. and GUATTARI, F. (1987), A Thousand Plateaus , London, Athlone. A Thousand Plateaus

DOVEY, K. (2010), Becoming Places , London, Routledge. Becoming Places

DOVEY, K. and KING, R. (2011), 'Forms of Informality', Built Environment , 37, 11-29. 'Forms of Informality' Built Environment 37 11 29

FARIAS, I. and BENDER, T. (eds) (2010), Urban Assemblages: How Actor-Network Theory Changes Urban Studies , London, Routledge. Urban Assemblages: How Actor-Network Theory Changes Urban Studies

GUNDERSON, L. and HOLLING, C. (eds) (2002), Panarchy: Understanding Transformations in Human and Natural Systems , Washington, DC, Island Press. Panarchy: Understanding Transformations in Human and Natural Systems

HABERMAS, J. (1984), Theory of Communicative Action , Boston, Beacon Press. Theory of Communicative Action

HARVEY, D. (1982), The Limits to Capital , oxford, Blackwell The Limits to Capital

HUCHZERMEYER, M. and KARAM, A. (eds) (2006), Informal Settlements , Cape Town, UCT Press. Informal Settlements

JACOBS, J. (1961), The Death and Life of Great American Cities , Harmondsworth, Penguin. The Death and Life of Great American Cities

LATOUR, B. (2006), Reassembling the Social , Oxford, Oxford University Press. Reassembling the Social

LEFEBVRE, H. (1991), The Production of Space , Oxford, Blackwell. The Production of Space

LEVIN, S. (1999), Fragile Dominion , Cambridge, MA, Perseus. Fragile Dominion

MCFARLANE, C. (2011), 'The City as Assemblage: dwelling and urban space', Environment and Planning D: Society and Space , 29, 649-71. 'The City as Assemblage: dwelling and urban space' Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 29 649 71

MARX C. (2009), 'Conceptualising the potential of informal land markets to reduce urban poverty', International Development Planning Review , 31, 335-53. 'Conceptualising the potential of informal land markets to reduce urban poverty' International Development Planning Review 31 335 53

NEUWIRTH, R. (2006), Shadow Cities , New York, Routledge. Shadow Cities

PERLMAN, J. (1976), The Myth of Marginality , Berkeley, CA, University of California Press. The Myth of Marginality

RIHANI, S. (2002), Complex Systems Theory and Development Practice: Understanding Non-linear Realities , London, Zed Books. Complex Systems Theory and Development Practice: Understanding Non-linear Realities

ROY, A. (2009), 'Civic Governmentality', Antipode , 41, 159-79. 'Civic Governmentality' Antipode 41 159 79

ROY, A. and ALSAYYAD, N. (eds) (2004), Urban Informality , New York, Lexington. Urban Informality

SHATKIN, G. (2004), ‘Planning To Forget’ Urban Studies , 41, 2469-84. 'Planning To Forget' Urban Studies 41 2469 84

SOLIMAN, A. (2010), 'Rethinking urban informality and the planning process in Egypt', International Development Planning Review , 32, 119-43. 'Rethinking urban informality and the planning process in Egypt' International Development Planning Review 32 119 43

SWANSON, D. and BHADWAL, S. (eds) (2009), Creating Adaptive Policies , New Delhi, Sage. Creating Adaptive Policies

TURNER, J. (1976), Housing by People , London, Marion Boyars. Housing by People

UN-HABITAT (2006), The State of the World's Cities , London, Earthscan. The State of the World's Cities

WALKER, B. and SALT, D. (2006), Resilience Thinking , Washington, DC, Island Press. Resilience Thinking

WISE, J. (2005), 'Assemblage', in C. Stivale (ed.), Gilles Deleuze: Key Concepts , Chesham, Acumen, 77-87. Gilles Deleuze: Key Concepts 77 87


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Abstract

When the 'Open Door' policy was adopted by Deng Xiaoping in 1978, China was facing globalisation challenges. The desire for modernity and the influence of the West have both challenged traditional Chinese culture and accelerated the destruction of its historical cities. Historical cities with high cultural value, if they are to survive, must be treated as cultural capital for urban conservation on the national level and economic resources for heritage development on the local level. The case study of the Ancient City of Pingyao indicates that the application of authorised heritage conservation and development at all levels of government created non-reversible socio-cultural impacts on the local community, including the displacement of the local population and public services and the elimination of local activities from the traditional living context. Often as a result of the debate over 'whose heritage?' and 'restoration for whom?' local residents with limited access to heritage become disconnected from their city.

AREFI, M. (1999), 'Non-place and placelessness as narratives of loss: rethinking the notion of place', Journal of Urban Design , 4, 179–93. Non-place and placelessness as narratives of loss: rethinking the notion of place Journal of Urban Design 4 179 93

BARTHEL, D. (1989), 'Historic preservation: a comparative analyses', Sociological Forum , 4, 87–105. Historic preservation: a comparative analyses Sociological Forum 4 87 105

CHENG, Y. AND MORRISON, A. M. (2008), 'The influence of visitors' awareness of world heritage listings: a case study of Huangshan, Xidi and Hongcun in Southern Anhui, China', Journal of Heritage Tourism , 2, 184–95. The influence of visitors awareness of world heritage listings: a case study of Huangshan, Xidi and Hongcun in Southern Anhui, China Journal of Heritage Tourism 4 184 95

COMPILING COMMITTEE (2000), Chronicle of the Chinese Communist Party of Pingyao County.

COMPILING COMMITTEE FOR GAZETTE OF JIN ZHONG AREA (1993), Gazette of Jin Zhong Area, Shanxi, Shanxi Renmin Chubanshe Press.

DOGAN, H. Z. (1989), 'Forms of adjustment – sociocultural impacts of tourism', Annals of Tourism Research , 16, 216–36. Forms of adjustment – sociocultural impacts of tourism Annals of Tourism Research 16 216 36

EVANS, G. (2004), 'Mundo Maya: from Cancun to city of culture. World Heritage in postcolonial Mesoamerica', Current Issues in Tourism , 7, 315–29. Mundo Maya: from Cancun to city of culture. World Heritage in postcolonial Mesoamerica Current Issues in Tourism 7 315 29

GOFFMAN, E. (1959), The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life , Garden City, NY, Doubleday. The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life

GU, K. (2001), 'Urban morphology of China in the post-socialist age: towards a framework for analysis', Urban Design International , 6, 125–42. Urban morphology of China in the post-socialist age: towards a framework for analysis Urban Design International 6 125 42

HUTH, H. (1941), 'The evolution of preservationism in Europe', The Journal of the American Society of Architectural Historians , 1, 5–12. The evolution of preservationism in Europe The Journal of the American Society of Architectural Historians 1 5 12

JOKILEHTO, J. (2006), 'Preservation theory unfolding', Future Anterior , 3, 1–9. Preservation theory unfolding Future Anterior 3 1 9

KONG, L. AND YEOH, B. S. A. (1994), 'Urban conservation in Singapore: a survey of state policies and popular attitudes', Urban Studies , 31, 247–65. Urban conservation in Singapore: a survey of state policies and popular attitudes Urban Studies 31 247 65

LI, M., WU, B. and CAI, L. (2008), 'Tourism development of World Heritage Sites in China: a geographic perspective', Tourism Management , 29, 308–19. Tourism development of World Heritage Sites in China: a geographic perspective Tourism Management 29 308 19

LOWENTHAL, D. (1985), The Past is a Foreign Country , Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. The Past is a Foreign Country

MA, L. J. C. (2002), 'Urban transformation in China, 1949–2000: a review and research agenda', Environment and Planning A , 34, 1545–69. Urban transformation in China, 1949–2000: a review and research agenda Environment and Planning A 34

MACCANNELL, D. (1973), 'Staged authenticity: arrangements of social space in tourist settings', The American Journal of Sociology , 79, 589–603. Staged authenticity: arrangements of social space in tourist settings The American Journal of Sociology 79 589 603

ORBASLI, A. (2000), 'The historic town', in Tourists in Historic Towns: Urban Conservation and Heritage Management , London, New York, E and FN Spon, 8–31. The historic town Tourists in Historic Towns: Urban Conservation and Heritage Management

OUF, A. M. S. (2001), 'Authenticity and the sense of place in urban design', Journal of Urban Design , 6, 73–86. Authenticity and the sense of place in urban design Journal of Urban Design 6 73 86

RUAN, Y. (1993), 'The conservation of Chinese historic cities', Antiquity , 67, 850–6. The conservation of Chinese historic cities Antiquity 67 850 6

SHI, Z. and AN, J. (eds) (1998), Pingyao lanyao (The Brief View of the World Ancient City – Pingyao), Pingyao County, Shanxi Sheng Xinwen Chubanju. Pingyao lanyao (The Brief View of the World Ancient City Pingyao)

SMITH, L. (2006), Uses of Heritage , London and New York, Routledge. Uses of Heritage

SMITH, L. and WATERTON, E. (2009), Heritage, Communities and Archaeology , London, Duckworth. Heritage, Communities and Archaeology

SOFIELD, T. H. B. and LI, F. M. S. (1998), 'Tourism development and cultural policies in China', Annals of Tourism Research , 25, 362–92. Tourism development and cultural policies in China Annals of Tourism Research 25 362 92

SU, X. (2010), 'Urban conservation in Lijiang, China: power structure and funding systems', Cities , 27, 164–71. Urban conservation in Lijiang, China: power structure and funding systems Cities 27 164 71

TUNBRIDGE, J. E. (1994), 'Whose heritage? Global problem, European nightmare', in G. J. Ashworth and P. J. Larkham (eds), Building a New Heritage: Tourism, Culture, and Identity in the New Europe , London, Routledge, 123–34. Whose heritage? Global problem, European nightmare Building a New Heritage: Tourism, Culture, and Identity in the New Europe 123 34

WATERTON, E., SMITH, L. and CAMPBELL, G. (2006), 'The utility of discourse analysis to heritage studies: the Burra Charter and social inclusion', International Journal of Heritage Studies , 12, 339–55. The utility of discourse analysis to heritage studies: the Burra Charter and social inclusion International Journal of Heritage Studies 12 339 55

WHITEHAND, J. W. R. and GU, K. (2006), 'Research on Chinese urban form: retrospect and prospect', Progress in Human Geography , 30, 337–55. Research on Chinese urban form: retrospect and prospect Progress in Human Geography 30 337 55

WHITEHAND, J. W. R. and GU, K. (2007), 'Urban conservation in China: historical development, current practice and morphological approach', Town Planning Review , 78, 643–70. Urban conservation in China: historical development, current practice and morphological approach Town Planning Review 78 643 70

WHITEHAND, J. W. R., GU, K. and WHITEHAND, S. M. (2010), 'Fringe belts and socioeconomic change in China', Environment and Planning B , 38, 41–60. Fringe belts and socioeconomic change in China Environment and Planning B 38 41 60

WU, F. (2002), 'China's changing urban governance in the transition towards a more marketoriented economy', Urban Studies , 39, 1071–93. China's changing urban governance in the transition towards a more marketoriented economy Urban Studies 39 1071 93

YANG, C.-H., LIN, H.-L. and HAN, C.-C. (2010), 'Analysis of international tourist arrivals in China: the role of World Heritage Sites', Tourism Management , 31, 827–37. Analysis of international tourist arrivals in China: the role of World Heritage Sites Tourism Management 31 827 37

YEH, A. G.-O. and WU, F. (1999), 'The transformation of the urban planning system in China from a centrally-planned to transitional economy', Progress in Planning , 51, 167–252. The transformation of the urban planning system in China from a centrally-planned to transitional economy Progress in Planning 51 167 252


Asian Development Review Series

The Asian Development Review is a professional journal that presents expertise and analysis on economics, social development, poverty and other issues in Asia and the Pacific.

Asian Development Review: Volume 38, Number 1

This edition features studies on seasonal labor mobility in the Pacific as well as development issues relating to population aging, education, and the labor market in Asia.

Asian Development Review: Volume 37, Number 2

This issue includes a guide to the ADB COVID-19 Policy Database and articles on trade, manufacturing, human capital, and education in Asia and the Pacific.

Asian Development Review: Volume 37, Number 1

This edition discusses current economic, environmental, and development issues in Asia such as poverty, migration, and financial spillovers. It features research studies in Pakistan, the People's Republic of China, Thailand, and Viet Nam.

Asian Development Review: Volume 36, Number 2

This edition focuses on perspectives on structural change, whether the traditional path of moving from agriculture to industry and services still holds, the impact of globalization, and the effect of structural change on labor markets.

Asian Development Review: Volume 36, Number 1

This edition covers intergenerational mobility of families in slums of Jakarta, exports and imports of Thailand, and the effects of foreign direct investment on the productivity of 15 emerging market economies, among others.

Asian Development Review: Volume 35, Number 2

This edition brings together scholars who highlight the need for concrete and rapid actions to adapt to climate change.

Asian Development Review: Volume 35, Number 1

This latest edition contains a mini symposium on India’s foreign direct investment (FDI) that analyzes the links between FDI and technology sourcing, export intensity, employment, environment, and financing.

Asian Development Review: Volume 34, Number 2

Topics discussed in this issue of the Asian Development Review include a special issue on urban and regional development in Asia.

Asian Development Review: Volume 34, Number 1

This issue discusses growth convergence paths in Asia and the middle-income trap, impacts of minimum wage on employment and earnings for men and women in India, and working conditions in developing economies, among others.

Asian Development Review: Volume 33, Number 2

Asia’s future growth prospects are key to the evolution of the world economy. By the middle of this decade, Asia’s contribution to the world’s gross domestic product growth had surpassed 60%.


Systematic review: the epidemiology and natural history of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis in adults

Department of Medicine, Center for Liver Diseases, Inova Fairfax Hospital, Falls Church, VA, USA.

Betty and Guy Beatty Center for Integrated Research, Inova Health System, Falls Church, VA, USA.

Betty and Guy Beatty Center for Integrated Research, Inova Health System, Falls Church, VA, USA.

School of Systems Biology, College of Science, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, USA.

Department of Medicine, Center for Liver Diseases, Inova Fairfax Hospital, Falls Church, VA, USA.

Betty and Guy Beatty Center for Integrated Research, Inova Health System, Falls Church, VA, USA.

Department of Medicine, Center for Liver Diseases, Inova Fairfax Hospital, Falls Church, VA, USA.

Betty and Guy Beatty Center for Integrated Research, Inova Health System, Falls Church, VA, USA.

Betty and Guy Beatty Center for Integrated Research, Inova Health System, Falls Church, VA, USA.

School of Systems Biology, College of Science, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, USA.

Department of Medicine, Center for Liver Diseases, Inova Fairfax Hospital, Falls Church, VA, USA.

Betty and Guy Beatty Center for Integrated Research, Inova Health System, Falls Church, VA, USA.

This uncommissioned systematic review was subject to full peer-review.

Abstract

Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2011 34: 274–285

Summary

Background Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common cause of chronic liver disease, and its worldwide prevalence continues to increase with the growing obesity epidemic. This study assesses the epidemiology of NAFLD in adults based on clinical literature published over the past 30 years.

Aim To review epidemiology and natural history of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis in adults based on clinical literature published over the past 30 years.

Methods An in-depth search of PubMed (1980–2010) was based on five search terms: ‘non-alcoholic fatty liver disease’ OR ‘non-alcoholic steatohepatitis’ OR ‘fatty liver’ OR ‘steatosis’ AND ‘incidence’ [MeSH Terms] OR ‘prevalence’ [MeSH Terms] OR ‘natural history’. Studies of paediatric cohorts were excluded. Articles were categorised by topic and summarised, noting generalisations concerning their content.

Results Four study categories included NAFLD incidence, prevalence, risk factors and natural history. Studies related to NAFLD prevalence and incidence indicate that the diagnosis is heterogeneous and relies on a variety of assessment tools, including liver biopsy, radiological tests such as ultrasonography, and blood testing such as liver enzymes. The prevalence of NAFLD is highest in populations with pre-existing metabolic conditions such as obesity and type II diabetes. Many studies investigating the natural history of NAFLD verify the progression from NASH to advanced fibrosis and hepatocellular carcinoma.

Conclusions Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is the most common cause of elevated liver enzymes. Within the NAFLD spectrum, only NASH progresses to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. With the growing epidemic of obesity, the prevalence and impact of NAFLD continues to increase, making NASH potentially the most common cause of advanced liver disease in coming decades.


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Abstract

This article examines gender mainstreaming in European Union development cooperation with sub-Saharan African countries through quantitative and qualitative analyses of policy programming documents to evaluate whether a shift has been made from a conservative Women in Development paradigm to a transformative Gender and Development paradigm. First, a quantitative analysis assesses language, format and budgets. Next, a qualitative analysis embarks on a deeper reading of how gender (in)equality is framed and who has been given voice. We conclude that gender mainstreaming is only partly applied in a transformative way. The limited space for African civil society voices as well as the European Union's concerns about its global role and its internal legitimacy are suggested as explanations.

AREND, E. (2010), ‘Critique of the World Bank's Applying Gender Action Plan Lessons: A Three-Year Road Map for Gender Mainstreaming (2011-2013)’ http://www.genderaction.org/publications/2010/critique_road_map.pdf

ARTS, K. (2006), ‘Gender in ACP-EU Relations: the Cotonou Agreement’, in M. Lister and M. Carbone (eds), New Pathways in International Development: Gender and Civil Society in EU Policy , Aldershot, Ashgate. New Pathways in International Development: Gender and Civil Society in EU Policy

BARTON, C. (2005), ‘Where to for women's movements and the MDGs?’, Gender and Development , 1, 25-35. ‘Where to for women's movements and the MDGs?’ Gender and Development 1 25 35

BEVERIDGE, F. and NOTT, S. (2002), ‘Mainstreaming: a case for optimism and cynicism’, Feminist Legal Studies , 3, 299-331. ‘Mainstreaming: a case for optimism and cynicism’ Feminist Legal Studies 3 299 331

BUDLENDER, D. (2004), Why Should We Care about Unpaid Care Work? , New York, UNIFEM. Why Should We Care about Unpaid Care Work?

BUDLENDER, D. (2008), ‘The Statistical Evidence on Care and Non-Care Work Across Six Countries’ (Programme Paper No. 4), Geneva, UNRISD. ‘The Statistical Evidence on Care and Non-Care Work Across Six Countries’

CHANT, S. (2007), ‘Gender, Cities, and the Millennium Development Goals in the Global South’ (New Series Working Paper, Issue 21), London, LSE Gender Institute. ‘Gender, Cities, and the Millennium Development Goals in the Global South’

CHANT, S (2008), ‘The "Feminisation of Poverty" and the "Feminisation" of Anti-Poverty Programmes: Room for Revision?’, Journal of Development Studies , 2, 153-86. ‘The "Feminisation of Poverty" and the "Feminisation" of Anti-Poverty Programmes: Room for Revision?’ Journal of Development Studies 2 153 86

CHANT, S (ed.) (2010), The International Handbook of Gender and Poverty: Concepts, Research, Policy , Cheltenham, Edward Elgar. The International Handbook of Gender and Poverty: Concepts, Research, Policy

CORNWALL, A., HARRISON, E. and WHITEHEAD, A. (eds) (2007), Feminisms in Development: Contradictions, Contestations and Challenges , London, Zed Books. Feminisms in Development: Contradictions, Contestations and Challenges

COTONOU WORKING GROUP (2006), ‘EU-ACP relations: Will the EU deliver on its promises? Information on the Programming of EC Aid for African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries (Briefing by the Cotonou Working Group Aid)’, March http://www.eurostep.org/wcm/dmdocuments/Briefing_programming.pdf

COUNCIL OF EUROPE (1998), Gender mainstreaming: Conceptual framework, methodology and presentation of good practices (Final report of Activities of the Group of Specialists on Mainstreaming), Strasbourg, Council of Europe.

DEBUSSCHER, P. (2011), ‘Mainstreaming gender in European commission development policy: conservative Europeanness?’, ‘Women's Studies International Forum , 1, 39-49. ‘Mainstreaming gender in European commission development policy: conservative Europeanness?’ ‘Women's Studies International Forum 1 39 49

DIEZ, T. (2005). ‘Constructing the self and changing others: reconsidering "normative power Europe"’, Millennium: Journal of International Studies , 33, 613-36. ‘Constructing the self and changing others: reconsidering "normative power Europe"’ Millennium: Journal of International Studies 33 613 36

EC (EUROPEAN COMMISSION) (2002), ‘Ethiopia - European Community. Country Strategy Paper and National Indicative Programme for the period 2002-2007’, available at http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/cafrad/unpan002976.pdf

EC (EUROPEAN COMMISSION) (2007), ‘Ghana - European Community. Country Strategy Paper and National Indicative Programme for the period 2008-2013’, available at http://ec.europa.eu/development/icenter/repository/scanned_gh_csp10_en.pdf

GAMMAGE, S. (2010), ‘Time Pressed and Time Poor: Unpaid Household Work in Guatemala’, Feminist Economics , 16, 79-112. ‘Time Pressed and Time Poor: Unpaid Household Work in Guatemala’ Feminist Economics 16 79 112

GBVPN (GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE PREVENTION NETWORK) (2008), Newsletter, ‘Perspectives on Prevention’, No. 7, April, Kampala, available at http://www.preventgbvafrica.org/sites/default/files/newsletter7.pdf

JAHAN, R. (1995), The Elusive Agenda: Mainstreaming Women in Development , London, Zed Books. The Elusive Agenda: Mainstreaming Women in Development

KABEER, N. (2005), ‘Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment: A Critical Analysis of the Third Millennium Development Goal’, Gender and Development , 1, 13-24. ‘Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment: A Critical Analysis of the Third Millennium Development Goal’ Gender and Development 1 13 24

LOMBARDO, E. and MEIER, P. (2008), ‘Framing Gender Equality in the European Union Political Discourse’, Social Politics , 1, 101-29. ‘Framing Gender Equality in the European Union Political Discourse’ Social Politics 1 101 29

MOLYNEUX, M. (2006), ‘Mothers at the Service of the New Poverty Agenda: Progresa/Oportunidades, Mexico's Conditional Transfer Programme’, Social Policy & Administration , 4, 425-49. ‘Mothers at the Service of the New Poverty Agenda: Progresa/Oportunidades, Mexico's Conditional Transfer Programme’ Social Policy & Administration 4 425 49

MOSER, C. (1993), Gender Planning and Development: Theory, Practice and Training , London, Routledge. Gender Planning and Development: Theory, Practice and Training

MOSER, C. and MOSER, A. (2005), ‘Gender mainstreaming since Beijing: A review of success and limitations in international institutions’, Gender & Development , 2, 11-22. ‘Gender mainstreaming since Beijing: A review of success and limitations in international institutions’ Gender & Development 2 11 22

OECD (ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT) (2005), The Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness and the Accra Agenda for Action http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/11/41/34428351.pdf

OECD (ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT) (2011), Aid in Support of Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/9/34/47335126.pdf

RAZAVI, S. (2007), The Political and Social Economy of Care in a Development Context: Conceptual Issues, Research Questions and Policy Options , Geneva, UNRISD. The Political and Social Economy of Care in a Development Context: Conceptual Issues, Research Questions and Policy Options

ROGGEBAND, C. (2009), ‘No instant success Assessing gender mainstreaming evaluations’, paper prepared for the On Track with Gender Report Expert Meeting, ‘Taking Stock’, The Hague, 28-29 May, 59-72. ‘No instant success Assessing gender mainstreaming evaluations’ 59 72

SAITH, A. (2006), ‘From Universal Values to MDGs: Lost in Translation’, Development and Change , 37, 1167-99. ‘From Universal Values to MDGs: Lost in Translation’ Development and Change 37 1167 99

SOAWR (SOLIDARITY FOR AFRICAN WOMEN'S RIGHTS COALITION) (2005), ‘The protocol to the African Charter on Human and People's Rights on Women's Rights in Africa: from Ratification to the Realisation of African Women's Human Rights’, Special Issue of Pambazuka News No. 222, Oxford, Fahamu.

VERLOO, M. (2005a), ‘Displacement and Empowerment: Reflections on the Concept and Practice of the Council of Europe Approach to Gender Mainstreaming and Gender Equality’, Social Politics , 3, 344-65. ‘Displacement and Empowerment: Reflections on the Concept and Practice of the Council of Europe Approach to Gender Mainstreaming and Gender Equality’ Social Politics 3 344 65

VERLOO, M. (2005b), ‘Mainstreaming Gender Equality in Europe: A Critical Frame Analysis’, The Greek Review of Social Research , 117, 11-34. ‘Mainstreaming Gender Equality in Europe: A Critical Frame Analysis’ The Greek Review of Social Research 117 11 34

WALBY, S. (2005a), ‘Gender Mainstreaming: Productive Tensions in Theory and Practice’, Social Politics , 3, 321-43. ‘Gender Mainstreaming: Productive Tensions in Theory and Practice’ Social Politics 3 321 43

WALBY, S. (2005b), ‘Measuring Women's Progress in a Global Era’, International Social Science Journal , 2, 371-87. ‘Measuring Women's Progress in a Global Era’ International Social Science Journal 2 371 87

AREND, E. (2010), ‘Critique of the World Bank's Applying Gender Action Plan Lessons: A Three-Year Road Map for Gender Mainstreaming (2011-2013)’ http://www.genderaction.org/publications/2010/critique_road_map.pdf

ARTS, K. (2006), ‘Gender in ACP-EU Relations: the Cotonou Agreement’, in M. Lister and M. Carbone (eds), New Pathways in International Development: Gender and Civil Society in EU Policy , Aldershot, Ashgate. New Pathways in International Development: Gender and Civil Society in EU Policy

BARTON, C. (2005), ‘Where to for women's movements and the MDGs?’, Gender and Development , 1, 25-35. ‘Where to for women's movements and the MDGs?’ Gender and Development 1 25 35

BEVERIDGE, F. and NOTT, S. (2002), ‘Mainstreaming: a case for optimism and cynicism’, Feminist Legal Studies , 3, 299-331. ‘Mainstreaming: a case for optimism and cynicism’ Feminist Legal Studies 3 299 331

BUDLENDER, D. (2004), Why Should We Care about Unpaid Care Work? , New York, UNIFEM. Why Should We Care about Unpaid Care Work?

BUDLENDER, D. (2008), ‘The Statistical Evidence on Care and Non-Care Work Across Six Countries’ (Programme Paper No. 4), Geneva, UNRISD. ‘The Statistical Evidence on Care and Non-Care Work Across Six Countries’

CHANT, S. (2007), ‘Gender, Cities, and the Millennium Development Goals in the Global South’ (New Series Working Paper, Issue 21), London, LSE Gender Institute. ‘Gender, Cities, and the Millennium Development Goals in the Global South’

CHANT, S (2008), ‘The "Feminisation of Poverty" and the "Feminisation" of Anti-Poverty Programmes: Room for Revision?’, Journal of Development Studies , 2, 153-86. ‘The "Feminisation of Poverty" and the "Feminisation" of Anti-Poverty Programmes: Room for Revision?’ Journal of Development Studies 2 153 86

CHANT, S (ed.) (2010), The International Handbook of Gender and Poverty: Concepts, Research, Policy , Cheltenham, Edward Elgar. The International Handbook of Gender and Poverty: Concepts, Research, Policy

CORNWALL, A., HARRISON, E. and WHITEHEAD, A. (eds) (2007), Feminisms in Development: Contradictions, Contestations and Challenges , London, Zed Books. Feminisms in Development: Contradictions, Contestations and Challenges

COTONOU WORKING GROUP (2006), ‘EU-ACP relations: Will the EU deliver on its promises? Information on the Programming of EC Aid for African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries (Briefing by the Cotonou Working Group Aid)’, March http://www.eurostep.org/wcm/dmdocuments/Briefing_programming.pdf

COUNCIL OF EUROPE (1998), Gender mainstreaming: Conceptual framework, methodology and presentation of good practices (Final report of Activities of the Group of Specialists on Mainstreaming), Strasbourg, Council of Europe.

DEBUSSCHER, P. (2011), ‘Mainstreaming gender in European commission development policy: conservative Europeanness?’, ‘Women's Studies International Forum , 1, 39-49. ‘Mainstreaming gender in European commission development policy: conservative Europeanness?’ ‘Women's Studies International Forum 1 39 49

DIEZ, T. (2005). ‘Constructing the self and changing others: reconsidering "normative power Europe"’, Millennium: Journal of International Studies , 33, 613-36. ‘Constructing the self and changing others: reconsidering "normative power Europe"’ Millennium: Journal of International Studies 33 613 36

EC (EUROPEAN COMMISSION) (2002), ‘Ethiopia - European Community. Country Strategy Paper and National Indicative Programme for the period 2002-2007’, available at http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/cafrad/unpan002976.pdf

EC (EUROPEAN COMMISSION) (2007), ‘Ghana - European Community. Country Strategy Paper and National Indicative Programme for the period 2008-2013’, available at http://ec.europa.eu/development/icenter/repository/scanned_gh_csp10_en.pdf

GAMMAGE, S. (2010), ‘Time Pressed and Time Poor: Unpaid Household Work in Guatemala’, Feminist Economics , 16, 79-112. ‘Time Pressed and Time Poor: Unpaid Household Work in Guatemala’ Feminist Economics 16 79 112

GBVPN (GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE PREVENTION NETWORK) (2008), Newsletter, ‘Perspectives on Prevention’, No. 7, April, Kampala, available at http://www.preventgbvafrica.org/sites/default/files/newsletter7.pdf

JAHAN, R. (1995), The Elusive Agenda: Mainstreaming Women in Development , London, Zed Books. The Elusive Agenda: Mainstreaming Women in Development

KABEER, N. (2005), ‘Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment: A Critical Analysis of the Third Millennium Development Goal’, Gender and Development , 1, 13-24. ‘Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment: A Critical Analysis of the Third Millennium Development Goal’ Gender and Development 1 13 24

LOMBARDO, E. and MEIER, P. (2008), ‘Framing Gender Equality in the European Union Political Discourse’, Social Politics , 1, 101-29. ‘Framing Gender Equality in the European Union Political Discourse’ Social Politics 1 101 29

MOLYNEUX, M. (2006), ‘Mothers at the Service of the New Poverty Agenda: Progresa/Oportunidades, Mexico's Conditional Transfer Programme’, Social Policy & Administration , 4, 425-49. ‘Mothers at the Service of the New Poverty Agenda: Progresa/Oportunidades, Mexico's Conditional Transfer Programme’ Social Policy & Administration 4 425 49

MOSER, C. (1993), Gender Planning and Development: Theory, Practice and Training , London, Routledge. Gender Planning and Development: Theory, Practice and Training

MOSER, C. and MOSER, A. (2005), ‘Gender mainstreaming since Beijing: A review of success and limitations in international institutions’, Gender & Development , 2, 11-22. ‘Gender mainstreaming since Beijing: A review of success and limitations in international institutions’ Gender & Development 2 11 22

OECD (ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT) (2005), The Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness and the Accra Agenda for Action http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/11/41/34428351.pdf

OECD (ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT) (2011), Aid in Support of Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/9/34/47335126.pdf

RAZAVI, S. (2007), The Political and Social Economy of Care in a Development Context: Conceptual Issues, Research Questions and Policy Options , Geneva, UNRISD. The Political and Social Economy of Care in a Development Context: Conceptual Issues, Research Questions and Policy Options

ROGGEBAND, C. (2009), ‘No instant success Assessing gender mainstreaming evaluations’, paper prepared for the On Track with Gender Report Expert Meeting, ‘Taking Stock’, The Hague, 28-29 May, 59-72. ‘No instant success Assessing gender mainstreaming evaluations’ 59 72

SAITH, A. (2006), ‘From Universal Values to MDGs: Lost in Translation’, Development and Change , 37, 1167-99. ‘From Universal Values to MDGs: Lost in Translation’ Development and Change 37 1167 99

SOAWR (SOLIDARITY FOR AFRICAN WOMEN'S RIGHTS COALITION) (2005), ‘The protocol to the African Charter on Human and People's Rights on Women's Rights in Africa: from Ratification to the Realisation of African Women's Human Rights’, Special Issue of Pambazuka News No. 222, Oxford, Fahamu.

VERLOO, M. (2005a), ‘Displacement and Empowerment: Reflections on the Concept and Practice of the Council of Europe Approach to Gender Mainstreaming and Gender Equality’, Social Politics , 3, 344-65. ‘Displacement and Empowerment: Reflections on the Concept and Practice of the Council of Europe Approach to Gender Mainstreaming and Gender Equality’ Social Politics 3 344 65

VERLOO, M. (2005b), ‘Mainstreaming Gender Equality in Europe: A Critical Frame Analysis’, The Greek Review of Social Research , 117, 11-34. ‘Mainstreaming Gender Equality in Europe: A Critical Frame Analysis’ The Greek Review of Social Research 117 11 34

WALBY, S. (2005a), ‘Gender Mainstreaming: Productive Tensions in Theory and Practice’, Social Politics , 3, 321-43. ‘Gender Mainstreaming: Productive Tensions in Theory and Practice’ Social Politics 3 321 43

WALBY, S. (2005b), ‘Measuring Women's Progress in a Global Era’, International Social Science Journal , 2, 371-87. ‘Measuring Women's Progress in a Global Era’ International Social Science Journal 2 371 87


This year’s printed journal is available for purchase on NOVA’s Barnes and Noble College website . You may also view the the online version of Volume 34. We are grateful to NOVA’s faculty, and to contributors from across the region, for their outstanding submissions, and to all who made NOVA’s beautiful literary and arts journal possible.

CONTEST WINNERS : The Robert Bausch Fiction Prize goes to Ace Boggess f or “Fighting Marlin,” the Poetry Prize to Matthew Roth for “Against Machines” and “Innogen,” and the Art Prize to Terry Cox-Joseph for “Hummingbird Fairy” and “Whangaparoa in the Morning.” Profiles of this year’s contest winners are forthcoming.


Aboriginal History Journal: Volume 34

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Description

In this volume, Mitchell Rolls reconsiders the question of silence in Aboriginal history by examining a wide range of literature on Indigenous themes, which was produced during the period dubbed by W.E.H. Stanner as the ‘Great Australian Silence’. Felicity Jensz uncovers the significance of matrimony in Moravian missionaries’ attempts to Christianise Aboriginal people in the nineteenth century, and Anne McGrath traces the history and continuing legacy of relationships between Aboriginal and Irish people in Australia. Meg Parsons’ study is focused on Sir Raphael Cilento, an often overlooked figure who oversaw Queensland’s Aboriginal leprosy management strategies in the 1930s and the establishment of the Fantome Island leprosarium. Pamela McGrath and David Brooks examine William Grayden’s 1957 film Their Darkest Hour, and how it was interpreted by contemporary audiences, Indigenous activists and, finally, the Ngaanyatjarra people’s perceptions of the film now. Martin Thomas looks at the 1948 American–Australian Scientific Expedition to Arnhem Land, the Indigenous response to it and its continuing legacy. Sylvia Kleinert discusses the little-known history of Bill Onus’s Aboriginal Enterprises, a tourist outlet that fostered an influential Indigenous art scene in Melbourne and its impact on Aboriginal identity formation in south-eastern Australia. Jessie Mitchell examines questions of Aboriginal cultural performance in her study of the Aboriginal reception of Prince Alfred’s 1868 royal tour. Finally, Petter Naessan gives a rich linguistic history of the name Coober Pedy, evaluating a range of sources each claiming different Indigenous etymological origins of the name.

Aboriginal History Inc. is a publishing organisation based in the Australian Centre for Indigenous History, Research School of Social Sciences, The Australian National University, Canberra.

For more information on Aboriginal History Inc. please visit aboriginalhistory.org.au.

Details

PDF Chapters

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To copy a chapter DOI link, right-click (on a PC) or control+click (on a Mac) and then select ‘Copy link location’.


Review: Volume 34 - History

If verified, this will be the first appearance of the Dancing Fool for over thirty years. The Dancing Fool has been seen five times in the past century twenty-nine times since he (or someone like him) was first reported in the Records.

Three sightings of the Dancing Fool were reported earlier this year. However, they could not be verified, because they occurred on Friday nights.

The system blocks or projects light directly behind your body, so it goes rather wrong if your shadow -- or where your shadow should be -- falls onto someone's face. They'll either see a fuzzy black spot occluding the sun, or a fuzzy bright spot where the sun is apparently shining right through you. This isn't a big deal except at sunrise or sunset. On the other hand, while the logic can cope with multiple small light sources, it's not very good at the diffuse light of the open sky you get hazy shadow halos around the desired (sharp) shadow. And it gives up entirely in indirectly-lit environments.

Note: while this product is non-toxic, we do not recommend it be taken orally for travel-lag. Certainly not if you are over the statistical mean age of death.

The Feedback Toaster scans a blackbody light beam across your slice of bread, checking reflectivity. When the albedo drops, the beam's intensity also drops, ensuring a perfectly even toast. The Interference Toaster uses two coherent light sources, thus imprinting your bread with moire fringes. showy, if silly. But it's not as silly as the Jigsaw Toaster, whose tight-beam thermal source can cut a half-millimeter slit all the way through the bread -- in a programmable pattern -- thus allowing it to. well, you get the idea. The spiral pattern, which gives you a bread lace up to a meter long, is popular with kids, if less popular with sandwich-makers.

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