The story

History Dictionary


The term designates the political and social habits of local chiefs called colonels. Its roots are linked to the patriarchal tradition and the old farming structure existing in the country since ancient times. The so-called colonels exercised absolute dominion over the households that lived on or depended on their land for survival. Historically, they began to emerge with the National Guard, created in 1831. The command of these militias was then in charge of the local chiefs, owners of large estates and political power. To this day, according to analysts, one can see their effects on the national scene, with the control of certain regions by local leaders and a whole network of favoritism and corruptions that link them to different spheres of public administration.

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