Coliseum in Rome
The Colosseum in Rome is the most famous amphitheater in the world and the symbol of Rome, the Colosseum was the scene of gladiatorial struggles, massacres of Christians and the place where the "Panis et Circense" Policy, better known as "was put into practice". Bread and Circus".
The Colosseum, probably the most important monument in the city of Rome, shows the grandeur that the Roman empire attained.
However, only two-thirds of the original structure was able to withstand weather, earthquakes, vandals and the medieval builders who used it as a quarry from which to obtain materials for their construction. Even so, this construction is impressive to this day.
It was built by orders of the emperor Vespasian in 70 AD… Its foundations are over 12 meters deep, and its 187.5 meters long by 155.5 meters wide form a perimeter of more than 540 meters. It is one of the largest buildings in the entire Roman empire, and could accommodate between 45,000 and 55,000 spectators.
The monument was damaged by an earthquake at the beginning of the same century, was the subject of extensive restoration at the time of Valentinianus III. In the mid-thirteenth century, the Frangipani family turned it into a fortress and, over the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, was looted several times, losing much of the noble materials with which it had been built.
The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum located in Agra, a city of India and the best known of the country's monuments.
The work was done between 1630 and 1652 with the force of about 22,000 men, brought from various eastern cities, to work on the sumptuous white marble monument that Emperor Shah Jahan had built in memory of his favorite wife, Aryumand Banu Begam. , whom he called Mumtaz Mahal ("The Jewel of the Palace"). She died after giving birth to her 14th child, and the Taj Mahal was built on her grave by the Yamuna River.
Thus, the Taj Mahal is also known as the largest proof of love in the world, containing inscriptions taken from the Koran. It is inlaid with semiprecious stones, such as lapis lazuli among others. Its dome is sewn with gold thread. The building is flanked by two mosques and surrounded by four minarets.
It is supposed that the emperor intended to make for himself a replica of the original Taj Mahal on the other side of the river, in black marble, but was deposed before the works began by one of his sons.
The Taj Mahal is on the list of Seven Wonders of the Modern World.