The story

Hermes da Fonseca



Gaucho military (1855-1923). He is the sixth president of the Republic and governs between 1910 and 1914.

Hermes Rodrigues da Fonseca (9/5 / 1855-9 / 9/1923) is born in the city of São Gabriel, in the same family as the country's first president, Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca, whose nephew is. He studies at the Military School, where he is a student of Benjamin Constant. He is the uncle's captain helper-of-order when he proclaimed the Republic. He has participated in the cause since 1878, as one of the founders of the Republican Military Circle Club, responsible for articulating the movement that overthrows the monarchy. From 1899 to 1904 he commanded the Rio de Janeiro Police Brigade. He is commander of the Realengo Preparatory and Tactical School when he reaches marshal in 1906, appointed by President Rodrigues Alves. Appointed to the post of War Minister of the Afonso Pena administration, reorganizes the Army and introduces compulsory military service (1908). He is elected president in 1910, with the support of conservatives. In government, he practices a policy called by him as a salvationist, which aims to recover for the military the influence already exerted previously in the Brazilian public sphere. In 1913, at the age of 58 and still in office, he married Nair de Teffé, 27, daughter of Admiral Antonio Luís Hoonholtz, the Baron of Teffé. After leaving power in 1914, Hermes da Fonseca became involved in several political incidents, including the Copacabana Fort Revolt (1922), which led to his imprisonment for six months. Released, he retires to Petrópolis, where he dies a few months later.