The story

Caramuru


Diogo Álvares Correia (1475? -1557) is nicknamed Caramuru by the Tupinambás. Little is known about the early years of his life.

The time spent in Brazilian lands is full of legends. It is found among the Tupinambás in All Saints Bay in 1531 by the expedition of Martim Afonso de Souza. According to an account of the time, he had lived among the Indians for 22 years. It is estimated that he was born in Viana do Castelo and wrecked on Brazilian coasts, along with a Portuguese ship, in 1509.

Eight companions who reach the beaches with him are devoured by the Tupinambás. There are several versions to explain why Caramuru is spared. One of them says that he would have imposed respect on the Indians when firing a firearm, hence the new name, which would mean man of fire, son of thunder. Another version only states that he was too thin and would not have liked the cannibals.


Portuguese adventurer and patriarch of Bahia (1475? -1557). It enters history by passing the life among the Indians and facilitating their contact with the first Portuguese administrators and missionaries.

In this case, Caramuru would be the indigenous name for the moray eel fish. In any case, it gains the trust of the tribe and marries the Indian Paraguacu. Caramuru dies in Salvador in 1557 and Paraguaçu lives another 26 years. The couple leaves four daughters who, married to Portuguese settlers, give birth to some of the most traditional Bahian families, such as Moniz, Torre and Garcia d'Ávila.