German politician born in Austria (1889-1945). Led the German bloc during World War II.
Adolf Hitler, considered by many to be one of the greatest villains in history, was born on April 20, 1889. His father was named Alois Hitler and was a customs inspector in the city of Braunau, Austria. Wanting to become an artist, Hitler applied in 1907 to the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts. But he had no luck and in 1908 his request was turned down. Since he spent most of his free time with occultists and extremists on both sides of the political spectrum, it is believed that this coexistence influenced his intellectual development and reinforced his hatred of the middle class, especially people of Jewish descent.
When World War I (1914-1918) began, Hitler tried to join the Austrian army, but was rejected. Then he managed to enlist in the German army. Even due to his bravery, he even won the Iron Cross. But after the end of the war, like so many others, he couldn't find a job either. Post-war Germany was undergoing a social transformation, and the collapse of monarchy and economy made it fertile ground for the growth of extremist philosophies ranging from communism to nationalism. At this time Hitler traveled to Munich, where he became one of the first members of the National Socialist German Workers Party - abbreviated as Nazi.
The worldwide economic depression, which began in 1929, made it possible for the Nazis to make political advances amid the disgruntled German electorate. Gradually, they came to be recognized as a legitimate political party, and Hitler, who was a brilliant speaker, began to stand out and receive a lot of support. In 1933, the Nazi Party was so powerful that President Paul von Hindenburg (1847-1934) was forced to appoint Adolf Hitler as chancellor of Germany. Immediately he began to take advantage of his new position to overthrow Hindenburg and take dictatorial control of Germany. He had also decided to militarily rearm Germany and reaffirm its territorial interests in Europe.
In March 1938, Hitler annexed Austria, making it part of Germany. And a year later, in March 1939, his troops took control of Czechoslovakia. Although England and France openly opposed the German onslaught, they took no initiative to try to avert a war. On August 24, 1939, Germany signed a nonaggression pact with the Soviet Union. And on September 1, it launched a full-scale attack on Poland. On September 3, England and France declared that the state of war had already been constituted for two days. It was the beginning of World War II (1939-1945).
The first two years of war were marked by great military successes of the German forces. France fell in a matter of weeks in 1940, and although England was never invaded, its military power in Europe was totally null. Hitler's total domination in Europe lasted from 1941 to 1944, when Anglo-American allies took important bases in France and Italy and Soviet armies forced the Germans to retreat from eastern Europe. By early 1945 the Germans were desperately defending their own territory, and by May 7 the war was over.
Hitler's spirit between 1939 and 1942 had been one of invincible optimism. His plans were for a Germanic Empire, or Reich, in Europe that lasted a thousand years. To fulfill his dream of a racially pure Reich, the dictator created a network of crematoriums for the mass execution of Jews, Gypsies and other peoples whom he considered "undesirable." Between 1943 and 1945, Hitler became an increasingly depressed and angry person. He also became involved in occult beliefs and believed that a form of dark magic, combined with mysterious secret weapons, could save Germany from defeat. On April 30, it appears that while Soviet armies surrounded Berlin, Germany's capital Hitler, who had hidden in a fortified pillbox beneath a Berlin building, murdered Eva Braun, his longtime mistress. , whom he had married shortly before, and then took his own life.