The population and its spatial dynamics

THE demography It is the science that studies population dynamics, their distribution, growth, quality, etc.

Geography uses this science as the basis for analysis of society and the space it occupies. Therefore, we need to know some basic concepts in order to correctly interpret this analysis.

Populated vs. populated

Absolute population is the total number of inhabitants of a country. It is said of a region that it is or not populous, ie whether the number of people compared to other regions is large or not.

Population relative is the relationship between the number of inhabitants of a reference area, which may be a city, state or country. It is the same as demographic density, that is, the number of inhabitants per square kilometer (km²). It is said of a population posted in a certain area whether or not it is populated. For example, we can say that the Southeast Region is more populated than the North, because there are more people per square kilometer in the former than in the latter.

These two concepts (populous and populated) have no direct relationship. A country can be considered populous and not considered populated (such as Brazil); On the other hand, a country can be considered populated but not populous (Belgium). Although the prefix super is also linked to the quantity, overpopulation or overcrowding They are not linked to numbers, but to the socioeconomic conditions of a region or country.

This concept, while relative, is simple to interpret when one wonders if the population can live worthily in a country. The causes of overpopulation are various: hunger, misery, unemployment, low standard of living, soil poverty, political issues, among others.

India - Example of Overpopulation