Geography

African History


Africa is characterized by cultural diversity and its history is closely linked to the history of Brazil.

Africans, who were brought into our country as slaves, between the 16th and 19th centuries, enriched Brazilian culture with their customs, religious rituals, cooking, dancing, and so on.

Only in the nineteenth century, with the abolitionist movement, blacks gained freedom with the signing of the Golden Law (1888).

The African continent is a territory bathed by the Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea and the Indian Ocean, where probably the first humans emerged. The oldest hominid fossils were found in Africa and are about five million years old. This type of hominid, which inhabited southern and eastern Africa, about 1.5 million years ago evolved into more advanced forms: the Homo habilis it's the Homo erectus. The first African man, the Homo sapiens, dates back more than 200,000 years.

Egypt was probably the first state to be formed in Africa some 5000 years ago, but many other kingdoms or city states have succeeded this continent over the centuries. Moreover, from ancient times Africa was sought by people from other continents who sought their riches like salt and gold. The present territorial division of Africa, however, is very recent - from the mid-twentieth century - and resulted from European decolonization.

By the late 1970s, almost all of Africa had become independent. Young African states face several basic problems, such as economic development, neo-colonialism and the inability to make their voices heard in international affairs. Most African states are considered part of the Third World.

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