Geography

History of Southern Brazil


Until the mid-eighteenth century, the Portuguese and Portuguese-Brazilian territories populated the territory of the present Southern Region.

It was around 1750, with the Jesuit missions, that began to form the cities of St. Borja, St. Angelo, St. Michael of the Missions and St. Nicholas, St. Louis of Gonzaga, among others.


Sao Miguel das Missões (RS)

The need to supply leather and meat to the region of Minas Gerais encouraged the movement of Paulistas in search of wild cattle that lived in the southern states.

In the early nineteenth century, the rural areas of the present Southern Region were occupied by cattle ranchers, migrants of São Paulo origin and Azorean immigrants (from the Azores islands, west of Portugal) who, attracted by the concession of land, entered the states of Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul.


Azorean Typical Architecture (Florianópolis - SC)


Typical Azorean architecture in one of the first Azorean settlements in Rio Grande do Sul - Santo Amaro (RS)