Geography

Conflicts in the world (continued)


Africa

On the African continent, the main motivator of the conflicts is the way in which the continent has been divided. Before the arrival of Europeans, Africans lived in harmony, as rival groups respected each other and this did not motivate instability. In the process of colonization, the European countries met in Berlin at a conference to define the division of African space so that it could be managed and exploited by the nations involved in the meeting.

However, the borders imposed by Europeans did not take into account the ethnic differences existing on the continent. This wrong act led to the separation of allied groups, the "union" of rival groups, and so on. By being grouped in a disorganized manner and without analyzing the social, cultural and religious structure, great instability has been generated in various parts of Africa.

Attempts by the African Union - a bloc of African countries - to end the conflict resulted in a peace treaty, signed in 2006. The government of Sudan supported the treaty, but only one faction, rebel Minni Minawi, signed the agreement. In the treaty, the government agrees to disarm the Janjaweed, but so far little has been done.


Conflicts in Africa and Separatist Groups